Grape Tube Galls
(caused by a small fly or midge laying its egg on the grape leaf)
again, side view
(see the curly scorpion-like tail?)
A scorpion fly is neither a scorpion nor a fly. The male's tail and genitalia has an appearance similar to the tail of a scorpion, which gives it its name. They do not sting and are not known to be harmful to humans. Their wings are quite pretty! I had never seen one before, so this was a fun find!
Goldenrod Bunch Gall
Goldenrod Bunch Galls are created when a female midge deposits an egg in the tip of a growing plant. The larva secretes a chemical that prevents the goldenrod stem from growing any further, or from producing a flower. The plant does continue to put forth leaves, and the result is a green rosette. These galls can be found all over BHCL.